Certification Exam

Certified Legal Nurse Consultant Exam

To take the CLNC® Certification Examination, you must:

  • Maintain an active RN license in the U.S. or Canada (a BSN degree is not required) and
  • Complete the Basic CLNC Certification, which is included in any of the CLNC Certification Systems.

Exemptions from meeting any of these criteria will not be granted.

Additional eligibility requirements may be adopted by Vickie Milazzo Institute from time to time in its sole discretion. Any such requirements will be designed to establish, for the purposes of CLNC Certification, the adequacy of a candidate’s knowledge and experience in functioning as a legal nurse consultant. Vickie Milazzo Institute may change these eligibility requirements at any time without notice.

CLNC® Certification Examination

  1. Study the CLNC Online Certification Program.
  2. CLNC Certification Examination.
    1. You must apply for examination within six months of purchasing your CLNC Online Certification Program.
    2. Schedule the Online Certification Examination with Vickie Milazzo Institute.
    3. If you must retake the examination due to failure, you must reapply to Vickie Milazzo Institute and pay an additional test fee. Refunds are not available for unsuccessful candidates.
    4. Candidates requiring special accommodations.
      1. Vickie Milazzo Institute wants to ensure that no individual is deprived of the opportunity to take the CLNC Certification Examination solely by reason of a disability or impairment.
      2. Special testing arrangements will be considered for disabled individuals provided that requests for such arrangements are submitted with your examination application and are accompanied by documentation of the disability or impairment from a suitably licensed professional. Special testing accommodations, such as additional testing time, are scheduled subject to preapproval by Vickie Milazzo Institute. In some instances a 30-day period may be required for scheduling purposes. Only those candidates who have been granted this approval in advance will receive special accommodations during testing.

Learning Outcome Statements

The following statements identify the essential learning outcomes CLNC consultant should possess. The CLNC consultant should be able to:

  • Demonstrate the knowledge inherent in the role of the Certified Legal Nurse Consultant.
  • Apply knowledge of basic sciences to the provision of legal nurse consulting services.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the litigation process.
  • Apply knowledge of theories of liability used in medical-related cases.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of medical malpractice, personal injury, products liability, environmental and workers’ compensation cases.
  • Apply screening principles to medical-related cases.
  • Demonstrate case evaluation strategies and apply principles to report writing.
  • Research the scientific literature to support interpretation of the medical record.
  • Obtain and interpret medical records for adherences to and deviations from standards of care as they apply to the case.
  • Demonstrate the ability to assist attorneys in developing discovery such as interrogatories and requests for production.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the role of the testifying expert and the ability to interface with experts.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of contract formulation as it applies to a legal nurse consulting business.
  • Integrate legal and ethical principles into legal nurse consulting.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of marketing strategies and apply interviewing techniques.

Testing Blueprint

A testing blueprint identifies areas of knowledge that might be tested, along with the approximate percentage of questions in each content area. The following testing blueprint outlines topics that might be included on the CLNC Certification Examination, along with a percentage representing the approximate proportion of examination questions related to each content area.

  1. The Role of the Certified Legal Nurse Consultant – 9%.
    • Types of cases on which legal nurse consultants are qualified to consult.
    • Distinctions between the testifying expert and the consulting expert.
    • Scope of practice of the CLNC consultant.
  2. The Litigation Process – 7%.
    • Pre-litigation phase of a lawsuit.
    • Phases of litigation.
    • Methods of discovery.
    • Alternative dispute resolution.
    • Variables that affect who wins.
  3. Theories of Liability and Defenses Used in Medical-Related Cases – 9%.
    • Intentional tort.
    • Negligence.
    • Strict liability.
  4. Anatomy of Personal Injury, Products Liability, Toxic Tort and Workers’ Compensation Cases – 6%.
    • General personal injury and medical malpractice.
    • Products liability.
    • Toxic tort cases.
    • Work-related injuries.
  5. How to Screen Medical-Related Cases Effectively and Efficiently – 9%.
    • The significance of screening.
    • Persons who screen medical malpractice cases.
    • Legal elements of a medical-related case.
    • Factors that affect the initial screening opinions of attorneys and insurance companies.
    • What Certified Legal Nurse Consultants need to screen a case.
    • Potential defendants.
    • Principles of screening.
    • Case screening form.
    • Plaintiff alert situations.
    • Cases plaintiff attorneys frequently reject and defensible cases.
  6. Comprehensive Case Evaluation Strategies and Report Writing Techniques – 9%.
    • Steps for evaluating medical malpractice and medical-related cases.
    • Report writing – medical malpractice and other medical-related cases.
  7. How to Research Medical-Related Cases – 6%.
    • Information available at a library.
    • Selecting the best source of information.
    • Finding information.
    • Choosing a database vendor.
    • Information brokers.
    • Document delivery.
    • Information available through the Internet.
  8. Standards of Care – 5%.
    • Sources indicative of standards of care.
    • Obtaining standards and guidelines.
    • Use of standards of care in the courtroom.
    • Analyzing policies and procedures of the defendant healthcare facility.
  9. Helping Attorneys with Discovery – 4%.
    • Guidelines for drafting interrogatories and requests for production.
    • Types of interrogatories directed to defendants.
    • Types of requests for production directed to defendants.
    • Types of interrogatories directed to plaintiffs.
    • Types of requests for production directed to plaintiffs.
  10. Helping Attorneys Develop Demonstrative Evidence – 4%.
    • Definitions
    • Purpose of Demonstrative Evidence
    • Media Used for Demonstrative Evidence
    • Principles of Conceptualizing and Developing Demonstrative Evidence
    • Working with a Graphics Consultant
    • Admissibility of Demonstrative Evidence
  11. The Role of the Nurse as a Testifying Expert – 5%.
    • Who testifies and why?
    • Communicating with the attorney-client.
    • Preparing for deposition and trial.
    • What to expect during deposition and trial.
    • Strategies for testifying.
  12. Locating and Working with Testifying Experts – 4%.
    • Assessing qualifications of potential TEs.
    • Sources for locating TEs.
    • Brokering TEs for law firms.
    • Working effectively with TEs.
    • Communicating with potential TEs.
    • Types of TEs used in medical-related cases.
    • Fees for locating expert witnesses.
  13. How to Formulate and Negotiate Contracts – 4%.
    • Contracts.
    • Common clauses.
    • Negotiating strategies.
    • Contract drafting strategies.
  14. Legal and Ethical Issues – 5%.
    • Liability issues.
    • Conflicts of interest.
    • Confidentiality.
  15. Developing a Marketing Strategy – 7%.
    • Elements of effective marketing.
    • Competitive strategies.
    • Fees.
  16. Successful Interview Strategies – 3%.
    • Preparation.
    • Interview concepts.
    • Closing.
    • Evaluation of performance.
  17. Business Development Principles – 4%.
    • Setting Up and Managing Your CLNC Business for Profitability
    • Professional Services and Resources You’ll Need
    • Choosing the Right Business Structure
    • Office Space
    • Office Equipment and Furniture
    • Tax Deductible Items
    • Information Management, Storage and Retrieval
    • Expanding Your CLNC Business Through CLNC Subcontractors
    • Business Management Strategies
    • Negotiating Your Fee to Earn What You Are Worth
    • Billing
    • Collection – Making Sure You Get Paid on Time

The above outline is not an all-inclusive review of the scope of the Certified Legal Nurse Consultant’s knowledge, but is provided to help you evaluate your own level of knowledge.

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